America's Oversized Deficits
With Oversized Deficits Almost Certain to Persist, an Investment In America's Future is One
Very Tough Sell
Just last week, Team Obama took its financial-crisis dog-and-pony show on the road.
U.S. Treasury Secretary Timothy F. Geithner went to China. Federal Reserve Chairman Ben S. Bernanke visited Capitol
Hill. And President Barack Obama, himself, embarked on a Mideast tour that started in Saudi Arabia.
This full-court press is not coincidental, and comes just as the federal government
began unloading trillions of dollars in new U.S. Treasury obligations. The coordinated charm offensive is meant to
assure the world-at-large that the United States can repay these obligations – without destroying the
Given the renewed weakness in the dollar and the recent expressions of concern from
China—our largest creditor—about the safety of its current holdings, this is no easy sell. Not only must our
leaders convince holders of our debt not to sell what they already own, U.S. officials must persuade these same
foreign investors to back up the truck and buy a whole lot more. The hope is that a Dream Team – consisting of a
charismatic politician, a skilled Wall Street banker with longstanding ties to China, and a respected Fed chairman
– can close the deal. However, no matter how slick the sales pitch, no amount of lipstick can dress up this
Oversized Deficits Will Persist
The most obvious fear the trio must address is that oversized deficits will persist
indefinitely. Reading from a carefully scripted rebuttal book, all three proclaim that as soon as the stimulus
revives our economy, the government will take all necessary steps to reign in the deficits that result. Bernanke's
testimony showcases this rhetorical shift. The Fed chairman claimed that catastrophe has been averted and that the
recession is nearly over. As a result, he advised Congress to now focus on debt management. How he expects U.S.
lawmakers to do that was left unexamined.
Setting aside the fact that the recession is far from over and that the stimulus will
actually weaken the economy in the long run, Bernanke's words were less a practical guide to Congress than a
bromide for our foreign creditors. Meanwhile, President Obama carefully peppers his speeches with calls for
Americans to live within their means, to save more and spend less, to produce more and consume less. But nothing in
the government's current fiscal or monetary policy will encourage such behavior. In fact, the objective of economic
stimulus is to prevent such changes from taking place!
Chinese Students Laughter
The laughter of Chinese students that greeted Secretary Geithner at Peking
University shows how ridiculous this spiel sounds overseas. Actions speak louder than words, and the actions of the
Obama administration are deafening. Multi-trillion-dollar deficits, bailouts, nationalizations, quantitative
easing, and grandiose plans for government-provided healthcare, education, and alternative energy, render all of
the administration’s claims of future prudence meaningless. If our leaders will not make tough choices now, why
should anyone believe they will do so later, when those choices will be even harder to make?
Of course, it's not just major holders – such as China and Saudi Arabia – that need to
be convinced. Since the largest holders are already in so deep, they have the greatest short-term incentive to play
ball. While throwing good money after bad is certainly a lousy investment strategy, it is politically expedient as
it delays the need to officially acknowledge losses.
The spin is designed to keep all the smaller, more nimble holders from dumping their
U.S. Treasury securities. The major holders can publicly pledge their commitment to Treasuries, while they
privately planning their exit strategies, as long as they feel that the smaller holders won't spook the market by
front-running their trades.
However, once the psychology turns, there is no way to stop the rush for the exits.
Remember how quickly the secondary market for subprime mortgages collapsed? One day, investors were lining up to
buy; the next day, the stuff couldn't be given away.
Make no mistake about it, we are issuing subprime paper and no amount of political
spin can alter that reality. Bogus credit ratings aside, I think the world already knows this and it's just a
matter of time before someone admits it.
In the meantime, by continuing to lend, our creditors merely supply us the shovels to
dig ourselves into an even deeper economic hole. Their credit enables our government to grow when it needs to
shrink, finances bailouts of companies that should be allowed to fail, and enables a nation that should be saving
and producing to continue borrowing and spending. As a result, the more money the world loans us, the less capable
we are of paying it back. I really wish the world would stop doing us favors, as neither party can afford the
For a timely example, just look at California. With an unmanageable $20 billion
deficit, California recently asked Washington for a bailout. With none immediately forthcoming, California was
forced to make real and needed budget cuts. The hard choices, which will benefit California in the long run, would
not have been made if federal funds had been committed. We all should be so lucky.